President Trump's immigration policies were a defining aspect of his presidency. Trump’s bold plans to shape the nation on immigration coupled with border security, and reform of undocumented immigrants were highly effective and came with a high level of controversy from open border activists. The Trump model of immigration policy was based on two core elements consisting of boarder security and overhauling Americas outdated immigration systems.
On January 27, 2017 President Trump signed Executive Order 13769 titled "Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States." As the looming terrorist threat of ISIS was in full swing Trump took action issuing the travel ban which applied to the following nations: Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen. Despite harsh criticism from opposing groups, Trump kept his campaign promise to tackle state sponsored terrorism fueled by radical ideology and defend the American people. On March 6, 2017 this executive order was superseded by Executive order 1369.
A central pillar of President Trump's immigration platform was the construction of a border wall along the U.S.-Mexico border. The proposed wall aimed to enhance border security and curb illegal immigration. While the construction faced numerous obstacles from Democrat opposition stonewalling the operation along with back and forth court dates delivered via injunctions filed, the wall came to fruition. Despite all the adversity faced the Trump administration was triumphant in succeeding as the vast majority of the wall was completed, over 400 miles by January 2021.The efficacy of physical barriers in deterring illegal immigration was a driving factor in achieving the lowest levels of illegal border crossings in over 40 years achieving a 87 percent reduction.
On January 28, 2018 The Trump administration introduced the "Remain in Mexico" policy, which required certain asylum seekers to wait in Mexico while their cases were processed. These measures sought to discourage fraudulent claims and address the backlog of asylum cases. This policy was implemented to combat the catch and release policy to restore accountability and responsibility to the American Immigration system. Trump advocated and campaigned for the dismantlement of the visa lottery entry system granting green cards to absolutely anyone with no prerequisite. Further measures were taken to promote legal immigration on a points based merit system which incentivizes skilled workers to migrate to the United States. Coinciding with the immigration overhaul the Trump administration issued regulation pertaining to the public charge rule to ensure migrants will not be burdensome to the public benefits scheme in the United States.
“America is a welcoming country, and under my leadership it’s a welcoming country. We lead the world in humanitarian protection and assistance by far, there’s nobody even close. We have the largest and most expansive immigration programs anywhere on the planet.” President Donald J. Trump